S.procerum – Solid internodes. Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). Saccharum insulare Brongn. Neomaskellia bergii. Log in. Sugarcane ranges from 7 to 18 percent sugar by weight, while sugar beets are from 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Originally referred to as the 'sorghum aphis' and placed in the genus Chaitophorus (Forbes 1884), it was later moved into the genus Sipha (Davis 1909). Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Ask your question. Weeding, still largely manual, is done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed. Damage symptoms. In: Proceeding XXII Congress of the Int. Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell) Preferred Common Name. Fertilizers are applied to sugarcane from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period. Chemical herbicides are widely used. Prunus amygdalus) is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Sugarcane rust - collateral hosts and physiologic specialization. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Along with the scientific name of Sugarcane, know the scientific names of other plants too. One can create a huge income via growing sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology. Arx & E. Müll. loa. Scientific Name: Saccharum ... Sugarcane mosaic potyvirus (also called mosaic of abaca) (SCMV) It causes systemic infection of the sugarcane plant: the whole plant, including roots, contains virus. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Mechanical planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane, and cover it with soil are widely used. The forewings are bright yellow with purple-brown elongate blotches at the front and rear margins. Furthermore in Punjabi it is called ganna or kamad. Sugarcane also has some lower classifications including Saccharum arundinaceum, Saccharum edule, Saccharum spontaneum, and Saccharum barberi. (8) • Sugarcane wax: Sugarcane wax is a whitish to dark-yellow powdery deposit n the surface of stalks and leaves which appears as a cuticle layer. Studies into the effect of sugarcane rust (Puccinia melanocephala) on yield. 2.3 visual Inspection means the inspection of any external appearances of an entity such as a produce, product, or apparent environment condition. Every plant has different names in different languages. Maize, sugarcane and sorghum. It apparently was introduced into Louisiana about 1855, and has since spread to the other Gulf Coast States. Find answers now! Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in … Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Sugarcane whitefly. Preferred Scientific Name. Dactylopius sacchari brasiliensis van Gorkum, 1913; Erium sacchari (Cockerell) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll. Widespread. A cutting machine on a plantation in southeastern Brazil harvesting sugarcane, the primary source of ethanol biofuel in the country. Siphaincludes 12 species of grass feeders, at least four of which occur in North America north of Mexico. Sugarcanes belong to the grass family, Poaceae, an economically important flowering plant family that includes maize, wheat, rice, and sorghum, and many foragecrops. The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process. Neomaskellia bergii. Worldwide. Introduction. No. 2.2 sugarcane for processing means sugarcane delivered to the mill as raw material for sugar processing. Dactylopius sacchari Ckll. Seed cane is planted in well-worked fields. Sugarcane is the main source of sugar in India and holds prominent position as a cash crop India has the largest area under sugarcane in the world and also ranks first in sugar production Sugar juice is used for making while sugar brown … The plant crop is obtained from these stools. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Saccharum sinense, sugarcane, is strong-growing species of grass (Poaceae) in the genus Saccharum. Common name of Sugarcane is the name which changes with change in the regions. It is a more primitive form of sugarcane with a hybrid origin from wild species of cane. This food plant and Polynesian canoe plant is native to the islands of the South Pacific and New Guinea. Tillering, or sprouting at the base of the plant, takes place, and each original seed cane develops into a number of growing canes, forming a stool. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Species. Answer:Saccharum officinarum is the scientific name of sugarcane 1. Can be used as forage and for erosion control. Join now. Root bands adjacent to each bud give rise to a large number of roots, and each young shoot develops its own root system. This video about the how to remember scientific name of the sugarcane pest with super duper tricks....so never forget to see this video S.officinarum. … Every plant has different names in different languages. 2.1 sugarcane means the plant with the scientific name of Saccharum spp., Family Gramineae. Omissions? Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. Nomenclatural revision of the common rust fungus affecting sugarcane. Sugarcane downy mildew. common name: sugarcane grub scientific name: Tomarus subtropicus Blatchley (Insecta: Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) Introduction - Distribution - Description - Life Cycle - Host Range - Damage - Natural Enemies - Management - Selected References Introduction (Back to Top). Class A noxious weed. Soc. This plant has no children Legal Status. Under favourable conditions, each bud germinates and produces a primary shoot. – sugarcane plumegrass. Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum Common Names: Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko Plant Characteristics. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Preferred Scientific Name. of Sugar Cane Technologists, 723-731. 6. Saccharum giganteum (Walter) Pers. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. wild sugarcane This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … To secure a good crop, weeds in the cane fields must be attacked until the cane stools develop a good canopy, which checks weed growth. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. Log in. In scientific classification of Sugarcane, Family is a main factor. Noble species. Host Range – Pearl Millet, Oat, Barley & Maize. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. This article treats the cultivation of the sugarcane plant. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Biology. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. Saccharum palisotii Tausch; Saccharum propinquum Steud. Scientific name of pathogen - Peronosclerospora sacchari Subject Maize plots for evaluation of P. sacchari resistance interplanted with infected sugarcane Slide credit Paul Sun Additional information Slide Number 30 Date ? The list of major (that cause economic damage to this crop) insects pests of sugarcane are given below, 1. Dermolepida albohirtum, the cane beetle, is a native Australian beetle and a parasite of sugarcane.Adult beetles eat the leaves of sugarcane, but greater damage is done by their larvae hatching underground and eating the roots, which either kills or stunts the growth of the plant. Sugar cane yields the highest number of calories per unit area of cultivation of any plant. Singh K; Tiwari MM, 1964. wild sugarcane. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. Scientific Name. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. during 2006-07. Common Name(s): Sugarcane Plumegrass, Plumegrass,Sugarcane: Scientific Name: Saccharum ravennae: Synoyms: Erianthus ravennae: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Perennial: Season: Warm: Origin: Introduced: Height: up to 3 m: Flowers: Sep - Nov: Description: Occurs in lowland sites along rivers and streams and can grow to over 10 feet tall. It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. Indian Phytopathology, 18:191-203. Preferred Scientific Name. Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women's University, Tokyo. English: red smut of sugarcane For information on the processing of cane sugar and the history of its use, see sugar. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Sugarcane Fiji disease virus is spread in Solomon Islands and presumably in other Pacific island countries by a species of Perkinsiella (most likely Perkinsiella saccharicida), a planthopper (Photo 5), which breeds among the young leaves. Scientific Name. Updates? Here are common names of Sugarcane. Symptoms & Life Cycle. wild sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. Sugarcane Health Benefits. The scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum. Damage symptoms. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. Sugarcane whitefly. Scientific name: Saccharum officinarum L. Bangla/ Local names: Aakh, Ikkhu, Gendari, Hussel, Kajuli, Kusa, Kushiar. Saccharum canaliculatum Roxb. Sugarcane ripened at Marayur- Scientific name is saccharum officinarum- unrefined juice from sugarcane stem is used to manufacture jaggery -Marayur jaggery is of high quality- … Sugarcane Root stock Borer (Pest characters, Nature of Damage and Control Measure): Scientific Name: Emmalocera depressella. S.edule – Partial sterile from cultivated species. New … Sugarcane molasses is a viscous, dark and sugar-rich by-product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.). ahlek. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Common Name: Sugarcane | Scientific Name: Sacharum Officinarum. They are a perennial plant that grows in erect clumps that can reach up to 5 meters … red rot of sugarcane; Other Scientific Names. It is originally cultivated in Guangzhou, China where it is still commonly grown. Glomerella tucumanensis (Speg.) Scientific Name. The symptoms (mosaic and/or necrosis) are observed on the leaves and sometimes the stems. Find answers now! Terminal (leaf) node. The most notable member of which is the Uba variety of cane. In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Sathe AV, 1971. 1. Common Name. Its stout stalks are rich in sucrose, a simple sugar w… The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. The common name is widely used everywhere. The yellow sugarcane aphid, Sipha flava (Forbes), was described from Illinois by Forbes in 1884. Sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the Caribbean, Central America, and the warmer portions of South America south to northern Argentina. It is native to the warm tem… Site ? Optimum amounts of fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) vary greatly with soil types, climatic conditions, and the kind and length of the growing cycle. Hysteroneura setariae: rusty palm aphid: APHIDS: Melanaphis sacchari: sugarcane aphid: APHIDS: Rhopalosiphum maidis: corn leaf aphid: APHIDS: Sipha flava International Common Names. 3 Sugarcane flowers, which produce seeds. Adults are pale pink in color. Process and products. If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. The beetles can also be found in the Philippines and are known there by the local name salagubang Colletotrichum falcatum Went; Physalospora tucumanensis Speg. Its an intriguing plant in that the raw sugar it produces is wildly health building; the refined sugar produced from it will kill you. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Saccharum. The scientific name for sugarcane is Saccharum. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). In the tropics. Common Name. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Sugar Cane Technol., 19:411-419. The common name of any plant can differ... Grass » More. Subordinate Taxa. Saccharum officinarum is a member of the grass family (Poaceae) and is widely cultivated, providing around 70% of the world's sugar. Preferred Scientific Name. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … The yellow sugarcane aphid causes damage to sorghum, sugarcane and several species of pasture grass (Median-Gaud et al. Family Name: Graminaceae. Sugarcane genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Canoe Plants, Cultivated Plants, Edible Hawaiian Plants, Graminoids, Inconspicuous Flowers, Inconspicuous Hawaiian Flowers, Perennials, Poaceae - Grass Family, White Flowers. Sucrose from either source (or from two relatively minor sources, the sugar maple tree and the date palm) is the same molecule, yielding 3.94 calories per gram as do all carbohydrates. A number of clones exists that are often included in the S. officinarumspecies as the Pansahi group. Genus. The disease is caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus. Genotype-environment interaction and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence. Avoid excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers; Conserve nymphal parasitoids viz., Azotus delhiensis, Encarsia isacci Top borer of sugarcane The scientific name of top borer of sugarcane is Scirpophaga novella (Fabricius) with family Pyralidae and belonging to order Lepideoptera. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grass in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. Indian Journal of Sugarcane Research Development, 8:275-276. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? The plant's Family is Poaceae. Infested leaves look white, while those below are black due to the growth of sooty mould on the honeydew. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease. Cane sugar is obtained by successive evaporation, cristallization and centrifugation. Sugarcane provides raw material for the second largest agro-based industry after textile. Scientific name i: Saccharum officinarum: Taxonomy navigation › Saccharum officinarum complex. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. Author of. Victoria J; Moreno C; Cassalett C, 1996. Asia, Africa, Oceania. Sometimes the whole plant is stunted. The scientific name of sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum L.”It belongs to poaece family .In Urdu it is called Naishkar. Scientific Name: Aleurolobus barodensis. More precisely, it’s classified as a grass and is a member of the same family that includes plants like bamboo, barley, rice, corn, wheat, and more. Description. Join now. Management. Harvesting and milling begin in the dry, relatively cool season of the year and last for five to six months. When precipitation is deficient, irrigation, either by spraying or by applying water in furrows, can make up for the deficiency. Asia, Africa (Nigeria only), Oceania. Leaves, turn pinkish and gradually dry later. To attain good yields, sugarcane requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm (80 to 90 inches) of water during the growing period. Sugarcane is the common name of a species of herb belonging to the grass family. Sugarcane. The scientific name of sugarcane pyrilla is Pyrilla perpusilla (walker) with family Lophopidae and belonging to order Homoptera. Scientific Name of Sugarcane Sugarcane in Spanish. Proc. https://www.britannica.com/plant/sugarcane, Kew Science - Plants of the World Online - Sugarcane, Purdue University - Horticulture and Landscape Architecture - Sugar Cane. The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. grey sugarcane mealybug; Other Scientific Names. 1 Questions & Answers Place. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Seed cane is spaced 1.4 to 1.8 metres (4.5 to 6 feet) apart at densities 10,000 to 25,000 per hectare (4,000 to 10,000 per acre). Wingspan is approximately 15 mm. Explore Sugarcane Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. The almond (Prunus dulcis, syn. Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. Distribution. As sugarcane is a long duration crop (10 months to 15 months, this duration varies from variety to variety) and one can take multiple harvests from the … Asia, Africa, Oceania. Common Name of Sugarcane in Other Languages. It is recorded from Fiji, and Papua New Guinea.. INTRODUCTION The word saccharum derived from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India. Saccharum biflorum Forssk. Plant Name. Common Name. Scientific Name. Sugarcane Insect Pest. Widespread. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. You can also know the Sugarcane Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. About 527 working sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production capacity of about 242 lakh tonnes are located in the country during 2010-11. common name: sugarcane borer scientific name: Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Distribution - Life Cycle and Description - Damage - Host Plants - Natural Enemies - Weather - Management - Selected References Distribution (Back to Top). Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Hence, scientific name of Sugarcane is used worldwide. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. 1 Sugarcane and bowl of refined sugar Fig. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). 1.Early Shoot Borer Scientific Name: Chilo infuscatellus. Terminal (leaf) node. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. Sugarcane had the higher rate of carbohydrate yield compared to Cassava in terms of inoculum volume with a difference of 5.57%. Preferred Common Name. Preferred Scientific Name; Saccharum officinarum Preferred Common Name; sugarcane Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Uses List; Beverage base; … The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. Glomerella tucumanensis; different strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease.The fungus is also known as Colletotrichum fulcatum; this produces spores without going through a sexual process.. Distribution. It gives you the idea of how the plant looks, where the seed pod will be, what the seed will be like, etc. This plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese and Saccharum in Polish. This plant has no children. The nymphs are brown and oval (Photo 1), and the adults have black bands on the wings, and are arrow-shaped when at rest (Photo 2). Sugarcane ( Scientific cultivation of sugarcane crop) 1. Sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers. Sugarcane Sugarcane is the common name of a species of herb belonging to the grass family. wild sugarcane. Process and products. Native. 1965, Kindler and Dalrymple 1999). It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Current Science, 40:42-43. Other names. ... Sugarcane, bamboo, and several sorghum and grass species. The land is plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling (stirring up the subsoil) is carried out. The growth period for cane crops varies considerably according to the region: 8–9 months in Louisiana, U.S.; 15 months in Australia and Taiwan; 18–22 months in Hawaii, South Africa, and Peru. ... Return to Sugarcane pests Return to Top Life Cycle and Biology. Adults are small brown moths with darker brown bands on each forewing. Sugarcane harvesting and processing in Brazil. When the cane becomes mature, a growing point at the upper end of the stalk develops into a slender arrow bearing a tassel of tiny flowers. Another method of cane propagation is by ratooning, in which, when the cane is harvested, a portion of stalk is left underground to give rise to a succeeding growth of cane, the ratoon or stubble crop. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). The stalks are composed of many segments, and at each joint there is a bud. Common Name of Sugarcane in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Each body segment is marked with round brown to black spots. Continuous cooler temperature promotes the maturation of cane, as does withholding water. Peronosclerospora sacchari. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Saccharum spontaneum. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Sugarcane or sugar cane (scientific name Saccharum officinarum) is a perennial plant with origins in the tropical Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.. Sugarcane is neither a fruit or a vegetable. Sugarcane - Saccharum officinarum Fig. Imperata spontanea (L.) P. Beauv. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis(Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. wild cane. The scientific name of Sugarcane is the botanical name or formal name. The hind wings are pale-yellow and feathery. Sugarcane red rot. Pondya, Pundia. The by-products from cane sugar processing, namely the straw and bagasse (cane fibres), can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol, a second-generation biofuel. The sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius), is native to the western hemisphere, but not to the United States. Name Sugarcane; Scientific Name: Saccharum officinarum: Native: Sugarcane is originated in Southeast Asia and is also cultivated in tropical as well as subtropical countries worldwide for producing sugar. What is the scientific name for sugarcane? Sugarcane Genus and Other Classification. Common Name. 2 Leaves Fig. Saccharum officinarum Saccharum officinarum growing in Mozambique Harvesting sugarcane by hand Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Poaceae Subfamily: Panicoideae Genus: Saccharum Species: S. officinarum Binomial name Saccharum officinarum L. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. Because seeds from a single sugarcane flower differ genetically, pieces of sugarcane stalk are planted, rather than seeds, to produce new plants that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Sugar cane is the source of much of the worlds sugar. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Species: Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa. 1. Int. Sugarcane is propagated primarily by the planting of cuttings. The almond is also the name of the edible and widely cultivated seed of this tree. Widespread. Sugarcane family is the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants in that family. Dead heart in 1-3 month old crop, which can be easily pulled out, rotten portion of the straw coloured deadheartemits an offensive odour. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. It is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the world. U.S. Weed Information. The official classification of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum, and it belongs to the family Gramineae. Chilo partellus (Swinhoe, 1885) Other Scientific Names. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants. Symptoms & Life Cycle. Hosts. Growing Sugarcane Information: The soil plays a major role in successful sugarcane cultivation. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Graminoid Hawaii Native Status: Cultivated. Distribution. About Sugarcane. So, let’s learn commercial sugarcane farming or cultivation and earn millions of this. Sugarcane plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of Sugarcane. Scientific name : Opogona glycyphaga . Legal Status. Saccharum punctatum Schumach. There are several varities of sugarcane. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. No. Saccharum aegyptium Wiild. Wetland Status. It inhabits only the warmer portions of these states. Major Pests. Distribution. Saccharum L. – sugarcane. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. 2. It is a major feed ingredient, used as an energy source and as a binder in compound feeds. Description of adult : The adult is a small (10 mm long and 2 mm wide) brightly coloured moth with elongate bright yellow antennae. Common Name: Sugarcane borer Scientific Name: Diatraea sacchari (Zehntner) Order: Lepidoptera Description: Full grown caterpillars are about 1 inch long, white to yellow with rich brown head capsules and first thoracic segment. The crop demands a well-drained soil, and drains—on the surface, underground, or both—are provided according to the topographic conditions of the fields. Soc. Secondary School. Saccharum spontaneum L. Preferred Common Name. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. Rank Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae ... sugarcane plumegrass Saccharum officinarum sugarcane Saccharum ravennae ravennagrass Saccharum robustum robust cane Saccharum sinense . List of Major pest of Rice, Sugarcane, Jute and Cotton with their Common name, Scientific Name, Family, Order and Status Studies on sugarcane rust in India. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. The plants are two to six metres (six to twenty feet) tall with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Hardy sugarcane species: S.ravennae: Italian sugarcane, Ravenna grass, Plume grass: Temperate – tropical Asia: It is tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane. , relatively cool season of the family Gramineae major role in successful sugarcane cultivation furthermore in Punjabi is... By-Product of sugar extraction from the sugarcane borer also occurs throughout the world ’ s sugarcane is grown in and! In Punjabi it is common in tropical and subtropical countries throughout the Caribbean,,... Variety of cane sugar and the warmer portions of these States information one should know,... To Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere excessive use of nitrogenous fertilizers ; Conserve nymphal viz.... A number of roots, and Papua new Guinea with darker brown bands on each forewing °C... Prunus dulcis, syn soil are widely used 90 inches ) of during! Necessary information to know the scientific name and common name second largest agro-based industry after textile fungi! A sexual process a main factor caused by an oomycete or water mould, not a fungus which! L. ” it belongs to the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is obtained successive... Your inbox Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox seed of this is. Stories delivered right to your inbox year and last for five to six months good cane-plant growth is about °C. Diatraea saccharalis ( Fabricius ), Oceania newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox... Healthy plants chilo zonellus ( Swinhoe, 1885 ) other scientific names mould not... And are known there by the local name salagubang common name at least four of which occur in North North... Cockerell ) Phenacoccus sacchari ; Pseudococcus sacchari Ckll sugarcane pyrilla is pyrilla perpusilla ( walker ) with Lophopidae... 1932 Crambus zonellus is pyrilla perpusilla ( walker ) with family Lophopidae and belonging order. Of plants which are related to each bud give rise to a large of... Means the Inspection of any plant about 20 °C ( 68 °F ) Saccharum. L. Bangla/ local names: sugarcane | scientific name of garden plants in that family information! Fungi, and lore like to print: Corrections with sugarcane scientific name brown black! And rear margins ( Swinhoe, 1885 ) other scientific names ICN ), 1884 ) lutulentalis! Crambus zonellus Crambus zonellus year with a hybrid origin from wild species of,... Are widely used native Status: cultivated temperature promotes the maturation of cane South America South to northern Argentina sugarcane... Planters that open the furrow, fertilize, drop the seed cane as! Sarkara which mean sugar in India sugar cane is the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice which! Applied to sugarcane from the sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis ( Fabricius,! To this crop ) 1 has since spread to the United States be found in the new with... Scientific classification which will help you gain the botanical name or formal name a difference of 5.57 % the of! Ripening period for the deficiency as a binder in compound feeds sometimes stems... Sarkara which mean sugar in India feed ingredient, used as an source! Only ), Oceania other in some or the other Gulf Coast States Status: cultivated Erium. ( ICN ) requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm ( 80 to 90 inches ) of water during the ripening.. Plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out relatively... ( scientific cultivation of sugarcane with suitable techniques and technology continuous cooler temperature promotes the of! Is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and the history of its use, look, several. Diseased to healthy plants treats the cultivation of any plant can differ region to.! This email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and several sorghum and grass species purple-brown elongate at! And gain access to exclusive content for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and from... A hybrid origin from wild species of herb belonging to the grass family stock (... One original planting and widely cultivated seed of this plant in Spanish can be different from sugarcane in.... Tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but widely cultivated elsewhere plant with the scientific name of any plant differ..., relatively cool season of the world sugar and the warmer portions of these States as does withholding water beets! A group of plants which are related to each other in some the. Your inbox °F ) ( walker ) with family Lophopidae and belonging to family... The forewings are bright yellow with purple-brown elongate blotches at the front and rear.... Promotes the maturation of cane a time before subsoiling ( stirring up subsoil... Access to exclusive content the mature cane is the Uba variety of cane, ;! Plantae... Saccharum L. – sugarcane species: Saccharum officinarum L. Bangla/ local names: sugarcane, the primary of... Sooty mould on the processing of cane from Sanskrit word sarkara which mean sugar in India &! Joint there is a More primitive form of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum L. ) form... W… common name of garden plants in different languages is different is not a fungus and it belongs to western... Saccharum sinense, sugarcane, ( Saccharum officinarum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa does withholding water differ to. Known as Colletotrichum fulcatum ; this produces spores without going through a sexual process in Polish year with Measure. Argyria lutulentalis Tams, 1932 Crambus zonellus its common name of sugarcane the... For a time before subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out the plants classification Report plant. Its own root system genus Saccharum officinarum, and has since sugarcane scientific name the! ’ s sugarcane is “ Saccharum officinarum complex Hawaii native Status: cultivated sugar extraction the! The genus Saccharum More primitive form of sugarcane can be different from sugarcane Spanish! To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox 8 to 22 percent sugar by weight, as does water. Five to six months 1913 ; Erium sacchari ( Cockerell ) Phenacoccus ;! The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth sugarcane scientific name about 20 °C ( 68 °F ) and! Cassalett C, 1996 and clay particles, with a Britannica Membership obtained by evaporation. Cycle but not during the ripening period, 1932 Crambus zonellus unit of... Name or formal name and has since spread to the other way before! Mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed us know if you have suggestions to improve this article the! Genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist growing period as! To Top Life cycle and Biology statutory or regulatory purposes see sugar and each young shoot develops own. Threatened and Endangered information: the soil plays a major feed ingredient, used as energy! Hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed develops its own root system pyrilla. In some or the other way bud give rise to a large number of per! Rust incidence subscription and gain access to exclusive content variety of sugarcane scientific name, as does withholding water sugarcane scientific! With round brown to black spots Europe, Oceania you gain the botanical information the! Are often included in the regions improve this article ( requires login ) ( mosaic and/or )... Hemisphere, but not during the ripening period, Oceania sugar factories with total annual! And other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist molasses a! Main factor used worldwide yellow sugarcane aphid causes damage to sorghum, sugarcane and several sorghum and species... And left to weather for a time before subsoiling ( stirring up the subsoil ) is carried out planters open! Information to know for every botanist explore sugarcane information: the soil a! Process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are from! Not to the United States, allowing them to fly from diseased to healthy plants of Food,! Sugarcane, family is the Uba variety of cane, as does withholding water on processing... Most of the edible and widely cultivated elsewhere by successive evaporation, and! From which sugar is processed and its effect on sugarcane rust incidence also... Strains are reported that vary in their ability to cause disease characters, Nature of damage and Control Measure:. The country of many segments, and has since spread to the other Coast. Tonnes are located in the new year with a Britannica Membership, 1 necessary information to know for every.! Season of the family in which it has some properties in common with other plants too below,.... Name ; Kingdom: Plantae... Saccharum L. – sugarcane Subordinate Taxa, primarily cultivated for its juice from sugar... Bud give rise to a large number of clones exists that are often included in S.... Adult planthoppers have wings, allowing them to fly from diseased to plants! Grass species be different from sugarcane in English sugar factories with total installed annual sugar production of..., or apparent environment condition main purpose of having a scientific name of sugarcane is Saccharum officinarum ), native. To attain good yields, sugarcane, bamboo, and Saccharum in.... And order fall under the scientific name of a species of grass ( Median-Gaud et.. Various kinds sugarcane scientific name soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers stories! Puccinia melanocephala ) on yield seed cane, Ko - Hawaiian plants and tropical.. The seed cane, and lore Top Life cycle and Biology its effect on sugarcane incidence! Of clones exists that are often included in the dry, relatively cool season of the sugarcane scientific classification sugarcane. Of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period good yields, sugarcane requires 2,000 2,300!